Video: Dog Obedience
We bring to the attention of our readers another article by Belgian coach Serge Richter. This time it is dedicated to the development of control and obedience skills within the framework of the French ring program. I would like to draw the readers' attention to the fact that mechanical influences on the dog, as well as the automation of obedience skills, the trainer recommends to start no earlier than 7-8 months of age after the dog has successfully mastered the methods of protective service. Recall that we are talking mainly about Belgian Shepherd Dogs. Dogs of so-called domestic breeds should probably not be practiced using this technique.
Note that, with the exception of the nuances from which side the dog should go, there are no fundamental differences in the teaching methodology we use and that of Mr. Richter.
Obedience in the ring. In order to start learning the techniques that control behavior according to the ring program, a young dog must not only have an idea of the techniques of general obedience, but also master the basic techniques of detention well: grip on a leash, grip from a distance, frontal attack and pursuit of the fleeing figurant. The last technique involves the "in place" grip - on the legs, keeping the dog's alertness after the bite stops. The tight control of behavior suppresses the initiative of the dog, therefore, training in this area should not be started too early, so as not to drown out the potential inherent in the puppy. Initially, teaching general obedience should be done only in a playful way.But when the puppy turns 7-8 months old and he is good enough to bite, then it is not only desirable to start practicing the methods of control and obedience, but, from that moment, it is simply necessary. The dog must develop obedience skills not only because they are part of the ring program. They are also needed to improve grip. The main methods of control and obedience include: walking on a leash, walking in a muzzle, approaching on command, maintaining immobility (sitting and lying down) in place in the absence of the owner, refusal of bait. These techniques will come in handy in order to start practicing the protection of the owner, the guard on a leash. They are very useful for strengthening the grip and the return of the dog after a frontal attack, as well as for pursuing a fleeing person.
Walking on a leash. The dog should walk next to the trainer's left or right leg, without changing the direction of movement, keeping up with him and not overtaking him; neither the handler nor the dog should pull on the leash. The starting position is as follows: the dog's collar is at the level of the trainer's knee.
Principles of training: impact with the help of jerks with a leash and the ability to prevent the actions of the dog.
Before you start exercising, you need to choose which side the dog will move - on the left or on the right. This choice must be final. Traditionally, the dog is placed to the left of the handler to give the right hand more freedom of action. But this is optional.
A strap collar is put on the dog, to which a 1 m long leash is attached. The collar should be put on correctly, that is, so that its tension is relaxed when the leash is not pulled. It is necessary to remember about two principles: the impact with the help of jerks with the leash and the ability to prevent the dog's actions.
The first principle is to use a leash with jerks - by successive short intermittent movements they ensure that the dog does not lag behind and does not go forward or to the side. The jerk is unpleasant for the dog, it forces him to take the correct position at the leg. Please note: the trainer should not constantly pull on the leash (he should also not go up to the dog and stand next to it), the dog itself should remember the position "next to", which is achieved with the help of jerks. If you pull a dog on a leash, the effect will be the opposite: it will try to get ahead. (With a taut leash, it is difficult for a dog to assess its position relative to the owner's leg; moreover, it gets used to dragging the owner along with it. - Ed.).
With each jerk, the trainer must repeat the command "Dick, next to you!" In a strict tone. The principle of dog action prevention allows for faster training. There is no need to wait for the dog to lag behind or to jump forward a meter. It is necessary to pull her up with a leash as soon as she starts to leave (more precisely, even before she thinks to leave. - Ed.) From the correct position at the foot, not allowing her to move away too far. In other words, I advise in this case to act differently from what is customary for most trainers: do not wait until the dog makes a mistake, act on it in advance. Only in this way will she be attentive to your every word and gesture. A young dog is easily distracted by smells, sounds, the presence of other dogs and people.Do not wait until she is distracted and stops, precede her action with a jerk of the leash at the slightest manifestation of interest in an outside stimulus. Improving the ability to move alongside on a leash.