Table of contents:
- The tests are divided into 3 groups and determine:
- 1. Attitude towards a stranger
- 2. Attitude towards unfamiliar sounds
- 3. Attitude towards unfamiliar subjects
Video: Psychological Tests For Puppies
In order to properly raise and then train a puppy, the trainer must know his character. Of course, each trainer has his own, subjective idea about him. But it is important to confirm or refute this view using objective assessment methods.
One of the methods of obtaining objective information about the nature of puppies and their suitability for training in various services (protective guard, sentry, search, etc.) can be testing, the basic principles of which were developed by the American dog handler and trainer C. Plaffenberger. Plaffenberger has been involved in training dogs for a long time - guide of the blind and developed tests for puppies preparing for this service. It is impossible to apply them mechanically to puppies trained for other types of services. For selection of puppies intended for other types of services, the above tests were revised by the West German dog handler F. Hans.
Puppies are tested at 8-10 weeks of age. Test results are expressed in points for comparability.
The tests are divided into 3 groups and determine:
1. Attitude towards a stranger.
2. Attitude towards unfamiliar sounds.
3. Attitude towards unfamiliar subjects.
1. Attitude towards a stranger
1st test (8 weeks). The puppy is placed behind a 1x1 m fence. The assistant approaches and stops at a distance of 15 m from the fence, then goes to the puppy, talks to him in a usual tone and tries to stroke him. The trainer is absent at this time.
2nd test (9 weeks). A minute after the trainer left, 4 assistants approach the puppy from four sides at the same time, stop at a distance of 15 m and wait a minute, then they approach the puppy and, speaking affectionately with him, try at first at the same time, then alternately stroking him.
3rd test (10 weeks). The puppy runs freely alone. At the right moment, the assistant quickly runs up to him at a distance of about 2-3 m, crouches down to the puppy for a minute and then acts as in the first and second cases.
The desired reaction is friendliness, a calm attitude of the puppy towards people, the absence of signs of aggressiveness, which is often a sign of fear.
For comparability of results, assistants should be the same persons performing all actions in a strictly uniform way.
2. Attitude towards unfamiliar sounds
Sound tests are done in a puppy environment. In puppies, the reaction is checked, respectively, to a whistle (whistle), a shot (from a starting pistol), a car siren.
The distance between the puppy and the sound source is 5 m. Each sound is repeated after 1 hour. Repetition is required when the reaction is indistinct. It is advisable that the puppies are calm about the sounds and be alert in the direction of their source.
It is good if the puppy reacts to the sound the second time more calmly than the first.
It is clear that the same whistles, sirens, etc. should be used for all puppies.
1st test (8 weeks). Whistle.
2nd test (9 weeks). Starting gun, 3rd test (10 weeks). Car siren,
An amateur trainer should confine himself to testing the reaction to whistling, the second and third tests can be used when raising puppies in nurseries in conditions of severe culling. You need to gradually accustom your puppy to harsh sounds.
3. Attitude towards unfamiliar subjects
In this group of tests, the following items are used: a flag (a piece of coarse cloth attached to a rod), a small chain (metal collar), an umbrella, a child's car about 60 cm long.
1st test (8 weeks). Waving flag in front of the puppy, 2nd test (8 weeks). The chain is shaken several times in front of the puppy and suddenly dropped to the ground.
3rd test (9 weeks). A person (the owner or another well-known person) calls a puppy to him, and when he is at a distance of about 2 m, suddenly opens the umbrella, directing it towards the animal. The umbrella is not opened over the head, but towards the ground. At the end of the test, the puppy must be called and petted.
4th test (10 weeks). In front of the puppy, a child's car on a long cord is brought back and forth several times. Testing with puppies that have previously seen an unfoldable umbrella, as well as a children's car, both standing and being driven, is not allowed.