On The Question Of The Standards Of Dogs Of Service Breeds

On The Question Of The Standards Of Dogs Of Service Breeds
On The Question Of The Standards Of Dogs Of Service Breeds

Video: On The Question Of The Standards Of Dogs Of Service Breeds

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Video: SERVICE DOG BREEDS || choosing the right one :) 2023, February

The main zootechnical events carried out in cynology when working with any breed are exterior exhibitions, the importance of which is extremely great, since it is on them that the results of the breeding work carried out are evaluated and plans for the future are made. Evaluation methods at such shows differ both in different countries and in different cynological societies.

To date, a more or less unified system of complex assessment of a dog has been developed, which is based on the concept of "harmony", which includes the general impression of the dog as a single integral organism. It is from this perspective that concepts such as breed type, the severity of the sexual type, the proportionality of all parts of the body, the correctness of the mechanics of movement are considered. This also includes the concepts of temperament and behavior inherent in this breed, since only with certain behavioral reactions all the exterior features of the dog are fully revealed. Only after that do they consider in detail the individual advantages and disadvantages of certain articles.

Bernese Mountain Dog, dog photo
Bernese Mountain Dog, dog photo

In some cases, the method of scoring a dog is used, as a result of which the analysis of such a description is extremely simplified. Digital data can even be entered into a pedigree card. So in the former GDR, according to the Zattegast methodology, tables have been developed for measuring shepherd dogs, according to which you can describe any dog, selecting the necessary values ​​from the tables. However, this mechanical approach is far from always valid.

In our country, the assessment of dogs on a point scale was widely used in competition shows. This method, as experts have repeatedly noted, leads to a loss of the sense of the integrity of the dog's appearance and comes down to the arithmetic calculation of its shortcomings. Unfortunately, the methodology of this method of assessing the exterior is often transferred by experts to ring judging.

In our country, for many years, there has been a completely definite methodology for evaluating dogs at exhibitions, which is dictated to us by the "Rules for conducting exhibitions and brood …". It consists in the visual assessment of the exhibitors in the comparative ring with a rigid fixation of the place in the ring. At the same time, each dog is compared with the one standing in front of and behind it, and the assessment often depends on the quality of the dogs in this group. Such a comparative approach to the examination has significant flaws, since usually assessments are given in comparison, first of all, individual shortcomings, all the time during the examination the judge is busy counting them, so that the dog walking in front does not have more shortcomings than the next one. At the same time, behind individual, not always significant, shortcomings, as a rule, they no longer see the general appearance of the dog, its breed and harmony. Not surprising,that one and the same dog from the same expert can receive different assessments with an interval of a week, besides, completely different descriptions. Of course, an experienced expert with a good vision of the dog is able to determine the quality of each exhibitor. But how many such experts do we have in service dog breeding?

In accordance with the regulations of the exhibitions in the countries of the International Cynological Federation (FCI), experts in the rings, in which a large number of dogs are present, are relieved of the obligation to place them all. Usually, only a few of the best dogs are placed, claiming titles and titles, but they are compared very carefully, while all the small nuances of the exterior become important, which at our shows, as a rule, remain outside the field of view of the judge. With the huge number of participants, which many domestic dog shows of service breeds can boast, the full arrangement of the ring is a serious load for any expert, and absolutely fruitless, since in fact it is very difficult to decide which is preferable, say, a soft back, a humped loin or sloping croup. Another thing,that the absolute assessment of a dog when comparing it not with a competitor in the ring, but with the ideal image of its breed, which should stand in the mind's eye of every expert, is not an easy task even for an experienced judge. Unfortunately, the isolation of many of our clubs, scattered throughout the country and often having no contact either with their neighbors or with the leading clubs, the almost complete absence of special literature on breeds covering certain topical issues, the extremely rare training of novice judges at major exhibitions at participation of leading experts - all this makes it very difficult to disseminate the accumulated positive experience. Attempts to hold seminars on a particular breed have remained attempts and will not in any way become a regular event,although at shows some of the judges often show ignorance not only of any theoretical developments, but also of the provisions of the breed standard, which they came to judge.

Various intra-breed types of dogs most often cause discrepancies in the standard, since each judge has his own ideas and preferences. But all types in their best expression are equivalent, of course, provided they fully comply with the standard. Different views both on the assessment of the significance of individual articles in the overall assessment of the dog and in the classification of certain shortcomings lead to significant discrepancies in the assessments when the same population is examined by different experts.

Our standards, as a rule, are not specific and vague in their wording, but since it is the standard that is guiding for all experts, there is an urgent need to develop comments and clarifications to individual provisions of the standards, as is the practice in all countries.

The question arises whether we should blindly rewrite these comments, developed in other countries, or, it seems to me more reasonable, develop our own, since each animal population has its own problems and characteristics. What is relevant for each breed of dog population in one country may be less relevant in another. Of course, this should take into account both the experience of others and your mistakes. So, one cannot but recall the completely unjustified overestimation of growth in the domestic standards of a number of breeds, which led to a certain deterioration in the parameters of working qualities. Here, the approach to the animal as to the accumulation of separate more or less significant particulars was clearly manifested, while it was forgotten that it was impossible to change one parameter without changing the others.

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