Appearance And Character. Exterior: What Should It Be?

Appearance And Character. Exterior: What Should It Be?
Appearance And Character. Exterior: What Should It Be?

Video: Appearance And Character. Exterior: What Should It Be?

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Type definition. The short term "type" means a set of characteristics characteristic of a particular breed of animal. I am inclined to believe that each breed has a "one and only correct type." There are many purists like me - we quite clearly imagine what, from our point of view, a dog of this breed should be, and we strive to get this ideal in all possible ways. The only way that can lead to the desired result is a clear definition of the purpose of breeding, followed by painstaking and long selection and selection of breeding pairs. This is how all the best breed lines were obtained.

Judging by the results of the examination at the shows, until now some breeds are represented by such a diverse population that it seems strange and sad at the same time. Breeders who seek to establish a certain type must know very well what is characteristic of this breed - in other words, must understand its essence. Essence is a whole complex of separately considered characteristics that are reflected in the standard and are associated with the history of the breed. However, very rarely do we manage to find dogs that meet all the requirements.

However, it is this essence that gives each breed its uniqueness.

Irish Setter lying on a stone, photo photograph
Irish Setter lying on a stone, photo photograph

Irish Setter

There is one test that is interesting to suggest to breeders. It is necessary to state in fifty words what they consider the most important, that is, typical for the breed that they breed. You will be very surprised when you see how few there are experts who can intelligibly say what really characterizes the breed with which they themselves work. As a rule, a general vague description of the breed is given. In order to be able to determine what the essence of the breed is, it is very important to have a clear idea of ​​what proportions of constitution it should have. This is what I call the "fundamental idea of ​​the breed."

This fundamental idea is reflected in all representatives of this breed. Each breed has its own correct proportions, regardless of whether they are mentioned in the current standard or not. These proportions determine the desired appearance of the breed. The breeder and the judge, before embarking on a dog breeding or examination at a show, must be very well versed in how these proportions are related to each other. This is the basis for the work of the breeder, who, like the builder, before hammering the first nail, decides what sizes and shapes the individual parts of the future structure should be and how they will be combined into a single whole. The breeder and judge must also have a good knowledge of the history of the breed.… This knowledge will help to resolve many issues that the standard does not answer. Only after mastering this knowledge, the breeder can start selecting the founders of his breeding. If it is intended to breed a new breed of dog for himself, then both the beginner and the experienced breeder turn to well-known specialists to help him acquire good producers. In this case, experts mean those breeders who have successfully bred high-quality livestock of this breed for many years, and not those who accidentally managed to get one or two show winners. Personally, I don't think the most famous breeders came to success by accident. This was given to them at the cost of hard work, great knowledge and the ability to objectively evaluate the results of their work. Their experience and advice is of great value, they must be followed strictly.A novice breeder can save years of work and protect himself from many mistakes if he delves into the techniques and details of the work of experienced specialists.

Type preservation. In her work Naughty Dogs, published many years ago, the author writes: “There is no doubt that there are many knowledgeable and responsible breeders who benefit the breed. But there are others who view the dog solely as an object of commerce. The mercantile spirit does great harm to what we call the type of dog …”(GH Babcock,“Disobedient Dogs”). This is true and relevant today. Having lost the type, the Rottweiler will turn into a heavy Doberman, the Hungarian Pointer Vizsla - into a Weimar Pointer of a red color, the Afghan - into a furry Saluki.

Type is truly a defining element for a breed that distinguishes it from others. Experts, speaking about the type, often avoid giving it a definition, emphasizing the fact that we are talking about qualities that cannot be measured, and that only real cynologists can fully understand this. If we represent the type in this way, then one might think that only a narrow circle of initiates can judge about it, and that it remains inaccessible for understanding the rest. The conclusion suggests itself that everyone simply shies away from giving an unambiguous definition of the type.

According to my point of view, the following definition seems to be acceptable to me: the type for each specific breed is a manifestation of physical and mental inborn characteristics that, when properly combined, correspond to the traditional form of the breed. It is desirable and necessary to preserve and maintain those external and internal characteristics of the breed that were established and consolidated during the period when the breed was just developing, as a rule, taking into account their specific functions. It is interesting to note that in some breeds, such as the pug, schipperke, Cairn, Border and Manchester Terriers, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, Deerhound, the typicality sometimes persists for several centuries. Other breeds did not resist under the influence of time. Take a look at the Sealyham Terrier:Where did the “head in the form of a boot box, the gait of a heavy draft horse, and hair as hard as a coconut mat”, described at the beginning of the century, disappeared? Compare also the modern Scottish Shepherd with the working dogs of the past.

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