Urolithiasis In Cats

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Urolithiasis In Cats
Urolithiasis In Cats

Video: Urolithiasis In Cats

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Video: Blocked Cat. Get Out Alive series. Cost and treatment for blocked cats. 2023, February
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Often, cat owners tell stories about how their pets got urolithiasis. “The cat endlessly ran to the toilet, sat in a basin, but the urine came drop by drop and with blood. I took him to the doctor: he prescribed no-shpa and 5-NOK, but these pills did not help him. " Or: “Vaska couldn’t go small, called the veterinarian, two arrived. They made some kind of injection and began to squeeze urine out of a live cat with their hands. I don’t know how he survived. But the next day, the cat again could not go small. " And you can hear a lot of such sad stories …

Difficulties with urine flow occur when cats develop urolithiasis, in which sand and stones form in the renal pelvis or in the bladder, which then form into conglomerates - "stones".

One of the reasons for their formation is improper nutrition, in particular, an increased content of minerals in the diet, feeding cats with dry food and canned food, which cause a lack of vitamin B6, as well as a deficiency in food of vitamin A, glutamic acid. As a result, there are violations of mineral and general metabolism, acid-base balance in the body.

The formation of urinary crystals is also facilitated by inflammation in the renal pelvis, urinary tract and in the bladder, metabolic disorders, and a decrease in the size of the penis in cats after castration.

The cat tries to go to the toilet on a small one, photo photograph
The cat tries to go to the toilet on a small one, photo photograph

Urolithiasis often develops in animals with a sedentary lifestyle: they rarely leave or do not leave the apartment at all.

The stones that form in cats can be very different:

- urates consist of saline uric acid;

- phosphates - from calcium and magnesium phosphate, ammonia phosphate (these stones are formed, as a rule, in alkaline urine and grow rapidly);

- oxalates (the hardest stones) are composed of oxalic acid salts.

Oxalates and urates are commonly found in acidic urine. Unlike oxalates, carbonates are amorphous and easily crumble. These stones are formed from carbonic acid salts.

Regardless of what the stones are and where they occur, they form in the kidneys, pass through the ureters into the bladder and clog the urethra.

Urolithiasis affects more often cats, mostly urban ones. It occurs in animals of all ages, even in cats that are only a year old. Recently, this disease of the urinary system of cats occurs quite often (with a blockage of the urethra).

Clinical signs in urolithiasis are characteristic, but do not appear immediately

Animals become restless, assume a posture to urinate, but only a few drops of urine are released, often stained with blood. At such moments, animals experience severe pain. In the future, due to painful sensations, the cat stops eating, it basically lies, it can go to some secluded place. Vomiting is noted. Possible complete cessation of urine flow.

Treatment. Eliminate urinary crystals in the urethra by catheterizing the animal under general anesthesia, three to four days after catheterization, diuretics are prescribed (to remove sand), and then prophylactically the same drugs that increase urine output are prescribed once a month.

In addition, the patient should be given an infusion of the following plants: spike lavender, black currant (leaf), white birch (leaf), chamomile (flowers), juniper (berries), ordinary hops (cones), Crimean roses (petals), rose red (petals) - all 5 grams; bearberry (leaves), lingonberry (leaves), large plantain (leaves) - 10 grams each; stinging nettle (herb) 15 grams; cinnamon rosehip (crushed fruits) - 20 grams; field horsetail (shoots) - 30 grams. Five grams of the mixture is brewed with 375 milliliters of boiling water. Insist on a water bath for half an hour. When the infusion has cooled, it is filtered.

The cat tries to go to the toilet on a small one, photo photograph
The cat tries to go to the toilet on a small one, photo photograph

After each urination or attempt to empty the bladder from the contents, you should give (depending on weight) from 1 teaspoon to 1 tablespoon of infusion, warm, 4-5 times a day. When the animal independently urinates, the dose of the infusion is reduced - 2.5 grams of the mixture is brewed with 250 milliliters of boiling water, the infusion is given 3 times a day, for at least a month.

There may not be so many plants, but if you manage to collect eight to ten plants, the infusion will be effective, however, only horsetail herb, bearberry and lingonberry leaves, and juniper fruits have a diuretic pronounced diuretic effect from the described collection.

Since an attack of renal colic begins unexpectedly, especially for the first time, this infusion can be replaced with juice of fresh parsley herb or infusion of its seeds, 1/4 teaspoon 4 times a day, or lingonberry infusion, 1-2 teaspoons 4-5 times in a day.

After the end of the attacks, the treatment of the sick cat is continued. Canned food and dry food are excluded from his diet.

The cat is given food rich in vitamins A, B1, B2, B6. In spring and summer, fresh nettles are added to the food, dried in the rest of the year.

Since urolithiasis is a chronic disease, it is necessary several times a year, despite the absence of any signs of the disease, to carry out herbal treatment, giving the animal kidney tea, other medications, but, better, an infusion of a mixture of the above herbs, since it has not only anti-inflammatory action, relieves spasms of smooth muscles, promotes the discharge of sand and stones, but also improves metabolism.

This infusion can also be used for inflammatory diseases of the kidneys and bladder - pyelonephritis, cystitis.

Source: Lyudmila Stishkovskaya. 1000 tips on how to treat pets.

Editor: veterinarian, candidate of veterinary sciences V. Aronov - tel.: (812) 923-86-80, mob. +7 (911) 923-86-80.

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