Cat Diseases Transmitted By Mating Or Artificial Insemination

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Cat Diseases Transmitted By Mating Or Artificial Insemination
Cat Diseases Transmitted By Mating Or Artificial Insemination

Video: Cat Diseases Transmitted By Mating Or Artificial Insemination

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: BIG CATS artificial insemination SERVICE. Inseminación artificial en felinos 2023, February
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Susceptible cats are susceptible to transmission of infectious diseases when they come into contact with the source of the infectious agent. It happens that the infectious agent is widespread in the external environment, but most of the pathogens of feline infections are transmitted by direct contact between animals.

During mating, direct contact occurs. Cats living in groups usually share bowls, toilet, etc., but during mating, contact between animals becomes most intense. Cats and cats often scratch each other's faces, facilitating the transmission of the pathogen through saliva / oropharynx or eye discharge.

At the moment of mating, the cat grabs the cat by the neck. In doing so, he can inflict bite wounds through which the probable pathogen can enter the cat's blood. If an infectious agent is present in the genital tract or in semen, infection can occur during coitus.

Moreover, mating is often associated with stress, which can be a consequence of transporting and / or introducing a cat into a new environment if cats from different catteries are mated. Stress can lead to reactivation and increased excretion of known pathogens, such as herpesvirus. On the other hand, close contact and stressful situations during mating can create conditions such that transmission of the pathogen will not occur, while at other times the risk of infection would be very high. This situation is complicated by the fact that in nurseries the clinical manifestations of diseases are often erased, and the purebred population of cats is very often a carrier of many infectious agents. The spread of infectious diseases through mating is confirmed by the fact that pathogens can spread very intensively among known breeds.

To reduce the risk of introducing infectious agents into nurseries during the visit of the female, breeders allocate a separate room for mating

Two Maine Coons, photo photograph
Two Maine Coons, photo photograph

This is one of the ways to reduce the risk of transmission of pathogens of infectious and parasitic diseases between the breeding cat and other cats of the cattery, but the risk of infection of the cat / cat during mating remains. Another method of protection is breeding within a small, limited population, such as in private nurseries. However, this strategy will necessarily lead to inbreeding and genetic pathologies of a particular breed. Nevertheless, breeding cats is always a balancing act between infectious diseases on the one hand and genetic abnormalities on the other, and this process always pursues the goal of breeding healthy cats.

Measures when a pathogen is detected must be planned and carried out depending on several factors. The severity of the disease is largely determined by the pathogen, it is important to know whether the disease is treatable or not. The overwhelming majority of pathogens are potentially present in the nursery population, and this fact must be taken into account. The possibility of transmission of the pathogen is greatly influenced by the conditions of keeping animals. General recommendations are difficult to make, but some “strategic considerations” for preventing transmission during mating are outlined at the end of this article, after a brief description of the main pathogens.

Viral infections

Feline panleukopenia virus (FPV). Feline panleukopenia virus is a serologically homogeneous virus that is extremely stable in the external environment (from several months to several years). The incubation period is usually 4-5 days, but can vary from 2 to 10 days. The virus replicates primarily in cells with high levels of mitotic activity, such as intestinal epithelial cells, bone marrow stem cells, and lymphoid cells. This leads to diarrhea and leukopenia. During an acute infection, the virus is excreted from the body as part of all secrets. Cats usually become infected by direct contact through the fecal-oral route. The virus can be excreted in urine and feces for up to 6 weeks after recovery.

Although FPV causes severe illness and death, especially in young, unvaccinated animals, most cases of panleukopenia are subclinical. If a cat becomes infected during pregnancy, the virus can infect the fetus and lead to reproductive disorders, with or without signs of cat disease. Depending on during which period of pregnancy the cat became infected, infertility, fetal resorption, miscarriages or the birth of mummified fetuses may occur. Infection of kittens in the prenatal or early postnatal period can lead to damage to the central nervous system with damage to the cerebellum, which is manifested by ataxia (a very common pathology).

FPV is best known for causing disease in unvaccinated street cats. As it recently became known, it can be the cause of the death of purebred kittens. The age of these kittens ranges from 10 days to 7 months, some of them have been vaccinated once or obtained from vaccinated cats. Based on the findings of FPV in the heart muscle of cats with cardiomyopathy, there is speculative opinion that if a kitten was infected at an early age, it could cause cardiomyopathy much later.

The relevance of FPV isolation with sperm or urethrovaginal secretions is not yet known.

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