About The Treatment Of Feline Infectious Panleukopenia

About The Treatment Of Feline Infectious Panleukopenia
About The Treatment Of Feline Infectious Panleukopenia

Video: About The Treatment Of Feline Infectious Panleukopenia

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Dr. Becker Discusses Feline Panleukopenia 2023, February
Anonim

One of its dangerous and contagious viral infections of cats is considered to be panleukopenia (FPV). As you know, this is one of the most contagious diseases of viral origin, which is also called feline distemper. It is not dangerous for humans.

The causative agent - parvovirus - is found in saliva, nasal discharge, urine and feces. The viruses that cause panleukopenia are very persistent; they spread not only through excrement, but also with water and food, and even, according to some reports, with the help of blood-sucking insects. The vertical transmission route is also characteristic: from a sick mother to offspring.

Cat with panleukopenia, photo photograph
Cat with panleukopenia, photo photograph

Panleukopenia cat

Mortality as a result of panleukopenia exceeds 90%, and not only kittens, but also adult animals die. Recovered cats can remain virus carriers for a long time, posing a danger to susceptible animals. The incubation period is usually 3-10 days. Most often, the disease is recorded in spring and autumn, although the risk of infection persists all year round.

Symptoms. Since almost all organ systems are affected with distemper, it can be difficult to recognize it immediately, since the symptoms are very diverse. Distinguish between fulminant and acute forms of the disease. In the first case, the animals die suddenly, like a bolt from the blue, without any noticeable symptoms. The acute form of panleukopenia begins with lethargy, suppression of appetite, a sudden and sharp rise in temperature to 40-41 ° C. There is frequent yellowish vomiting. There may be bloody diarrhea or constipation. On the skin, sometimes reddish spots appear, which grow and turn into pustules filled with serous fluid. After drying, grayish-brown crusts are formed. With respiratory complications, mucopurulent discharge from the eyes is observed.

The disease affects all organs (primarily - the gastrointestinal tract, nervous, respiratory systems and bone marrow) and is terrible for its complications. Without treatment, the animal (most often kittens and young cats are sick) can die in a few days, usually in 4-5. If the disease lasts up to 9 days or more, cats usually survive and acquire lifelong immunity, but they can remain virus carriers for a very long time. Therefore, a mother who has recovered can infect her offspring.

Treatment. Before the arrival of the veterinarian, it is necessary to start treatment with fosprenil, ensure complete rest, warmth and good care.

Kitten sick with feline distemper, photo photograph
Kitten sick with feline distemper, photo photograph

Kitten sick with feline distemper

Antibiotics should be used to prevent complications. But analgin should not be given to a cat on suspicion of panleukopenia!By the way, in the latest issue of the veterinary publication "BiovetInform" D. Alekseev emphasizes that treatment with fosprenil must be carried out in conjunction with other drugs: antibiotics, vitamins, etc., that is, together with symptomatic therapy. As a doctor with more than 6 years of experience in treatment with fosprenil, I claim that this is indeed the case (and this is exactly what is written in the instructions!). The fact is that fosprenyl relieves the body of a viral infection, and the animal can die from concomitant causes, most often from a secondary (secondary) bacterial infection. This is precisely what causes the combined use of fosprenil with other drugs.

Prevention. Timely vaccination of kittens may be recommended to prevent feline plague.

Clinical case. A Persian cat was admitted on the 3rd day of illness with the following symptoms: complete immobility, temperature 41 ° C, purulent eyes, dry hot nose with purulent-serous outflows, diarrhea, bad breath, heart sounds - bifurcated systole. Diagnosed with panleukopenia. In the previous two days, the cat was treated with gentamicin, sulfadimethoxin, sofradex (instilled in the mouth and eyes). The animal's health deteriorated. The cat refused water and food, repeatedly lost consciousness.

Prescribed treatment: fosprenil intramuscularly 1 ml every 6 hours for 4 days, in parallel, fosprenil was instilled into the nose and eyes, 1 drop 4 times a day. Inside was given Biogel-5 5 ml 4 times a day. At the end of 2 days of treatment, the cat asked for food - they gave him well-cooked rice porridge and fresh water with honey. Starting from the 3rd day, gentamicin 0.5 ml 2 times a day. From the 5th day, phosprenyl began to be administered after 8 hours, 3 times a day, while the discharge from the nose and eyes stopped. On the 8th day, the animal was clinically healthy, but fosprenil continued to inject 2 times a day for 2 days, and then 1 time a day. From the 5th day, phosprenyl began to be administered after 8 hours, 3 times a day, while the discharge from the nose and eyes stopped. On the 8th day, the animal was clinically healthy, but they continued to inject fosprenil 2 times a day for 2 days,and then 1 time per day for 2 more days. From the very beginning and until the end of the course of treatment, the animal was given a complex of vitamins Farmavit-FD. The result is a complete recovery.

Author: Alexey Filippovich Ashatkin

Popular by topic