Table of contents:
- What explains the presence of characteristic, very special colors in cats of a number of breeds?
- In some breed there are many colors, and in some only one. Can the color be considered a breed characteristic in this case?
- What breeds, on the contrary, are characterized by a wide range of colors?
- Is there such a thing as - color value, and what role does color purity play?
- What are the main colors of cats?
Video: Bicolors Are Born From Bicolors
A scandal erupted at the exhibition. The owner of the cat dreamed of participating in the Best-in-Show and suddenly … a complete failure: the judge transferred his pet to class 13X. What does it mean? Expert Irina Kharchenko answers this and many other questions.
What explains the presence of characteristic, very special colors in cats of a number of breeds?
- Archaeological excavations, other types of scientific research have led to the emergence of several hypotheses about the origin of a particular breed of cats. In accordance with this, the color of the animal is considered as an integral part of the exterior. For example, there is a version of the origin of Persian cats from the Turkish Angora, according to other sources, their ancestors lived in the mountains of ancient Armenia. Moreover, felinologists suspect the wild cat Pallas' cat not only in the origin of the Persian breed, but also in the transfer of cream color to it.
Persian cat (color blue with white)
Different continents, different wild animals stand at the origins of domesticated ones. Hence the colors inherent in cat breeds. The history of the emergence of the Egyptian Mau with a spotted color, the Ocicat, a new American breed obtained from crossing domestic cats with wild ones, is quite clearly traced. The Ocicat is such a wildly graceful creature that it is difficult to imagine him at home.
In some breed there are many colors, and in some only one. Can the color be considered a breed characteristic in this case?
- It is impossible to definitely name the color as a breed characteristic. It can be noted that in this breed there are animals of only one color, and even then with a reservation. Maybe five years ago there was one color, but today it seems to be the same too, but with variations. For example, a Turkish van. Previously, only ginger animals were described in the standard, the rest were disqualified. Today cream is already allowed. A similar situation, albeit controversial, with the Russian blue. By the main world standards, these cats exist in one color, but some felinological organizations in Europe admit that there are Russian blues in black and white variants. It sounds a little funny white Russian blue or black Russian blue, but nevertheless it is so. If we consider the FIFe standard as a reference, then it can be argued that the blue color is a breed characteristic.But there are very few such breeds of cats.
What breeds, on the contrary, are characterized by a wide range of colors?
- The largest number of colors - in cats of popular, old breeds: Persian, European Shorthair, British. By the way, all colors are repeated in the Siamese version: blue is a blue point, black is a seal point, etc., but the marks are visible only on the ears, muzzle, limbs and tail.
According to the CFA system, today there are about 280-300 Persian cats, but the richest range is in Maine Coons, Norwegian Forest and Rex. If the Persians are considered in six groups; solid color, particolors *, bicolors and tricolors, cameos and smokes, silver-chinchilla group and color-points, then Maine Coons, Norwegian Forest and Rexes are entitled to agouti - a color that, in combination with white, gives an insane number of options.
Domestic cat (color white with black)
(* Part - color - the group of part-colors includes varieties of tortoiseshell color)
As for the old breeds, felinologists adhere to conservative positions and prefer pure colors. If, as a result of incorrect crossing (color-point for bicolor, cream cameo for red marble, chinchillas for silver-marble cats), a non-standard color is revealed, then the cat should be transferred to class 13X. This means that the cat has a so-called unrecognized color.
Article on the subject of Colors of British Shorthair and Scottish Fold cats
Is there such a thing as - color value, and what role does color purity play?
- For the Persians, the type is in the first place, the quality of the wool comes second, and only then the color. Therefore, the first at the show will be the cat with the best head type, but if her color is disappointing, then the overall mark, of course, decreases. Competition is higher where the breed has only one color adopted by the standard, for example, Russian blues, Korat or Turkish Angora. Here tone matters, how silvery the coat is, etc.
What are the main colors of cats?
If we speak in normal language and do not use special terminology, then the whole range is based on white, black, red, blue, cream and tortoiseshell colors. There are weakened colors. For black, it is chocolate and blue. With the participation of both weakened genes - purple, etc. In addition, there are various color transformations in the form of tortoiseshell cats of various shades. The whole further range is built on the basic colors, which are intertwined in the most bizarre combinations. - I noticed that you often say a red cat, and not red, as is customary among domestic breeders.