Table of contents:
Video: Feeding Horses
The manifestation of high performance and breeding qualities of a horse largely depends on adequate feeding. Horses, unlike ruminants, are less capable of digesting fiber, therefore, hay should be prepared for them in the budding phase of legumes or panicle sweeping in cereal grasses. For feeding horses, it is better to use good meadow, steppe, clover or alfalfa hay, vetch-oat mixture, oats from cereals, corn and barley; wheat bran and carrots are also useful.
Good hay is fed without preparation. Straw, preferably oatmeal, is best steamed or flavored with molasses, bran, mixed feed. The bran is given wet or mixed with other concentrates. It is desirable to crush or crush the grain; after such processing, it is better absorbed. This is especially important when feeding foals and older horses.
Photographer Olga Dulova
Depending on the breed, sex, age and physiological state, the level of metabolic processes in horses may differ; the need for nutrients changes accordingly. For example, a high level of nutrient concentration characterizes the diet of stallions during the breeding season, mares in the last three months of pregnancy and the first three months of lactation, as well as intensively trained horses and foals in the first year of life. Heavy draft horses consume less nutrients per 100 kg of live weight than trotting and riding horses.
Feeding breeding stallions
Nutrient requirements for breeding stallions depend on their live weight, intensity of use in mating, work performed, temperament and breed. In the pre-breeding and breeding periods, the energy nutritional value of rations for stallions of all breeds is increased by about 25%. The stud stallion should be above average body condition. Feeding rates and approximate rations for stud stallions are given in table. 12-14.
Article on Feeding and Drinking Hygiene Horses
11. The need for stallions and breeding queens of trotting, riding and heavy draft breeds for nutrients
|Index||Stud stallions||Breeding mares|
|pre-occasional and breeding periods||Not accidental period||Singles||Foals (from the 9th month)||Lactating|
|Dry matter per 100 kg of live weight, kg||2.5||2.2||2.2||2.5||3.0|
|For 1 kg of dry matter,|
|exchange energy, MJ||8.37||7.53||6.88||7.32||8.37|
|crude protein, g||134||94||one hundred||one hundred||125|
|digestible protein, g||94||66||70||70||87|
|crude fiber, g||160||180||200||200||180|
|table salt, g||2.4||2.1||2,3||2.4||2.4|
|A (retinol), thousand IU||4||3.3||5.2||6||6|
|D (cholecalciferol) thousand IU||0.48||0.36||0.18||0,4||0.5|
|E (tocopherol), mg||35||thirty||20||25||25|
|B1 (thiamine), mg||3.5||2.5||2.5||3.0||3.0|
|B2 (riboflavin), mg||3.5||2.5||2.5||3.5||3.5|
|PP (niacin), mg||8.0||6.5||6.5||6.5||8.0|
|B3 (pantothenic acid), mg||5.0||5.0||3.0||5.0||5.0|
|B4 (choline), mg||160||150||one hundred||one hundred||160|
|Sun (folic acid), mg||1.4||1.4||1.0||1.4||1.4|
|B6 (pyridoxine), mg||2.4||1.45||1.4||1.5||2.4|
|B12 (cyanocobalamin), μg||5.5||5.0||5.0||6.0||6.0|