Group Training Of Horses. Check-in Of Young Animals

Group Training Of Horses. Check-in Of Young Animals
Group Training Of Horses. Check-in Of Young Animals

Video: Group Training Of Horses. Check-in Of Young Animals

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Foals after weaning from their mothers are trained in a group method, driving young animals with a variable gait on a fenced training track. Foals are trained separately from fillies. The training is carried out by two riders, one of them rides in front of the group, determining the gait, speed and duration of the movement, and the other behind, urging on the lagging behind. There are some differences in group training for horses of different breeds.

Training of purebred young animals. Initially, the daily distance should not exceed 2-3 km. The first 600-800 m foals are allowed to run with any gait without restriction, then 600-800 m the group is calmly trotted and the last 1000-1500 m - at a walk. Group training is carried out daily; a day of rest is provided once a week. At least an hour before the start of the training, the foals should be released into the boil, and at the end - driven back into the boil or released into the pasture. In cold weather, as well as in strong winds or rain, foals should be put in the stable immediately after training, The transition from one gait to another must be accompanied by specific commands from the rider in order to develop appropriate conditioned reflexes in foals. At the first sign of fatigue, foals should change their speed. Depending on the weather conditions, the load is adjusted, shortening the distance and reducing the speed.

Horse trotter training, photo photography
Horse trotter training, photo photography

Yearlings are transferred to the Levadian content from the beginning of the pasture period. During this time, group training is continued in combination with pasture content.

Training of half-bred young animals. At least 1.5-2 hours before the start of the training, the foals are released into a stable brew; then they are driven onto a fenced track and trained at a trot. The duration of one reprise should not exceed 10-12 minutes. The pace of movement is regulated by the rider riding in front, which restrains the foals from going into a canter.

They begin to gallop in the spring as the soil dries up. The gallop is included in the middle of the second reprise of the trot. Initially, foals move at a trot for 4-5 minutes, then they are transferred to a gallop. The front rider maintains the correct canter pace, while the rear rider urges on the lagging foals. The movement should be uniform at a speed of no more than 250-300 m / s, that is, 1 km in 3-4 minutes. After a gallop, foals should run at a trot for 4-5 minutes, then they are transferred to a step.

Training of trotting young animals. At the beginning of the group training, the distance should not exceed 2-3 km. The first 600-800 m foals are allowed to run in any gait without restriction. Then 600-800 m lead the group at a calm trot and the last 1000-1500 m - at a walk.

After one to two weeks, the training distance is increased to 4.5-5.5 km per day and the work is carried out in two reprises: an arbitrary gait - 600-800 m, a trot - 600-800 m, a step - 600-800 m, a trot - 1200 m, step - 1500 m, Gradually, the distance is brought to 10-11 km and the duration of work is increased to one hour with the next alternation of gaits (in two reprise): an arbitrary gait (warm-up) - 1200-1400 m, trot - 3000-3500 m, stride - 1200-1400 m, trot - 3000-3500 m and stride - 1200-1600 m.

Riding horse training, horse dressage, photo photography
Riding horse training, horse dressage, photo photography

It is necessary to closely monitor the condition of the foals and, at the first sign of fatigue, reduce the distance and speed during training, especially on a muddy or snowy track.

From the beginning of the grazing period, yearlings are transferred to Levadian content. Stallions and fillies are kept separately. Group training continues in conjunction with grazing. Since July, all stallions are transferred to the stables in the training departments and start individual training. During this period, the training of foals is combined with their release into levada or boiling. In cooking, foals are fed with freshly cut grass, about 10 kg per head per day.

Young horse dressage
Young horse dressage

Related article Young Horse Dressage

The fillies are transferred to individual training no later than August and are fed and kept in the same way as colts.

Training of horses of heavy harness breeds. Group training begins with weaning and is conducted with alternating gaits along a fenced-in training track or field paths. For the first 5 minutes, lead the herd with a calm step, and then transfer it to the fastest possible step, allowing individual horses to move at a trot. At a trot, the herd should cover a distance of 1 km in 5 minutes. At a wide trot, a gallop of individual horses is permissible.

In the course of group training, more capable horses with productive movements are identified. These data must be taken into account when bringing horses to individual training.

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