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Video: Young Horse Dressage
2023 Author: Molly Page | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-05-24 12:33
Teaching the horse to move under the rider. The purpose of the work under the rider is to teach the horse to mount the rider on it and dismount him from the horse, to let it get used to the weight of the rider on the back and move calmly with him. At the beginning of the lesson, the horse is driven on the line on a volt, after which they proceed to boarding and dismounting.
You should mount a horse without spurs and make sure not to scare it with sudden movements, remembering that you will have to work a lot with a frightened horse, since it does not forget the unpleasant sensation it received for a long time. It is necessary to get on and off the horse until it finally gets used to it and stands completely calm.
The first lessons of boarding a horse are carried out with an assistant who holds the horse in place with the help of a cord, helping the traveler sit down and get off until the horse becomes comfortable with these exercises.
If, while the rider is lifting the stirrups, the horse does not stand still or rushes to the side, the rider, without stopping on the stirrup, quickly sinks into the saddle, after which he calms and encourages the horse. As a rule, when the horse does not stand still when the rider is landing, he is first brought to the wall of the arena and sat on it using a cord.
If the horse, after the rider has sat down on it, begins to beat with his hind legs, trying to throw him off, with a line with a sharp shout and the action of the line does not allow him to lower his head, and the rider must raise the horse's head with the reins. If the horse is trying to rears up, a strong line pull should prevent the horse from raising his head to rears, and the rider, having released the reins, should move the body forward and grab the mane. In both cases, the horse is thrust forward with both the whip and the legs and whip. If the horse still succeeds in throwing the rider, it should immediately be driven on the line with an active gait to allow it to be slightly discharged and calm down, then repeat the landing until this exercise is completed.
Until the horse has become accustomed to the weight of the rider and only tolerates it, it is enough to make it take a few steps. To do this, the cordova, retreating, tries to move the horse from the place forward to itself with the help of the cord. The rider, having disassembled the reins, makes the horse move forward with a light send of his legs. If the horse rests, it must be moved from its place by turning to the right or left, and forced to move forward at least a few steps.
Dismount from the horse with the same precautions that are used when landing on it
They switch to the movement of the horse on a volte on the lane under the rider when the horse will calmly allow himself to sit down and dismount. The rider at first should sit quietly in the saddle and not act abruptly with either the reins or legs. Cordova makes the horse move at a volta, first at a step, and then at a trot. The rider introduces the horse to the action of the legs gradually. The whip should be held in the hand facing the inside of the circle, end down. If the horse is dumping his butt out of the volt, the whip should be held in the hand facing the outside of the circle.
After the horse begins to move along the volt boldly and calmly in both directions, both at a walk and at a trot, it should be brought to the wall of the arena and unfastened. The rider, giving up the reins and stroking the horse, continues to move along the wall of the arena with a free step. After passing two or three circles, he gently, slowly, stops the horse, strokes it, dismounts without assistance and weakens the girth.
When the horse gets used to the action of the legs and reins and boldly walks along the wall of the arena in both directions, start riding in a straight direction. To do this, having driven for some time with a free and wide step along the wall of the arena, the rider, enhancing the action of the legs, makes the horse go into a trot, making sure that it boldly walk forward on the bit and move at a wide trot.
Related article Teaching the Horse to Obey the Messages
During the initial work, the horses under the rider act with only snaffle reins, leaving the mouthpiece free. The reins are disassembled in a training way, that is, each of the snaffle reins is placed on the middle joint of the index finger of the corresponding hand and pressed with the thumb. The mouthpiece reins are taken in the left hand: the left - under the little finger, and the right - between the ring finger and the little finger. The ends of the mouthpiece reins are thrown up the palm over the middle joint of the index finger and pressed with the thumb. The whip is usually held in the right hand, and if necessary, in the left.
In the initial execution of turns, the slope of the rider's body towards the turn with the simultaneous serving of the hands in the same direction and slightly forward is important. Therefore, the hull must be tilted in time, just before the turn and a little more than is usually required.