Horse Training Aids

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Horse Training Aids
Horse Training Aids

Video: Horse Training Aids

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Bridging a horse

The trainer will tell you in detail about everything related to the headband and saddle during horse riding. Before getting into the saddle, the rider must make sure for himself whether the horse is properly bridled and saddled.

The headband should be worn so that it does not chafe or restrict the horse's head anywhere, so that the bit does not damage the mouth and injure its corners. First of all, the chin strap should fit so that a fist can be inserted between it and the throat. An improperly worn head harness that causes pain to the horse has a great impact on its obedience.

Bridled horse, photo photography
Bridled horse, photo photography

The thicker the bit, the softer it works. The more sensitive the horse's mouth is, the thicker the bit should be.

The mouthpiece should fit well to the width of the mouth. Horses' mouths are narrower and wider: the more graceful its head (like that of purebred and Arabian horses), the narrower the mouthpiece should be. The more sensitive the horse's mouth is, the shorter the mouthpiece leverage should be. The mouthpiece is a lever that acts more strongly the greater the difference between the lengths of the lower and upper arms. If the reins are slack, then the mouthpiece levers may line up with the horse's mouth; there should be space between the chin chain and the lower jaw so that two fingers can be inserted there. When the reins of the mouthpiece are set, the levers rotate approximately 30 degrees. If a stronger twist is possible, the mouthpiece is said to "fail". If the levers serve as an extension of the cheek strap, then the mouthpiece is too steep.

Saddle

A rider can only sit correctly and act correctly on a well-saddled horse. The deepest point of the saddle must be in the center of the saddle; if it is in the back or in front, the rider will not sit correctly. If the deepest point is not properly positioned, the inside of the saddle may be too wide or narrow, high or not very round. The saddle should lie on the horse, like a good suit would sit on a person.

Bandages. The horse's limbs are bandaged so that it does not damage its tendons. The benefits of bandages are often exaggerated. It also happens that horses hit themselves on the legs with horseshoes, mainly on fast turns, stumbling, jumping, and inflict damage on themselves, leading to lameness. (Lameness is not a disease, but a symptom. A lame horse falls on a healthy leg to relieve and save a sick one. If anyone wants to know which leg the horse is limping on, then looking at it, he needs to repeat its movements.). The bandages are designed to protect against impacts and sprains. They must be applied skillfully. Inadequate bandaging can injure the horse. The bandage is tied in a knot on the outside of the leg.They should not press, otherwise they will cause injury: the knot should not be tied behind the tendons, it should be tied tightly so that it does not come loose while riding. If the bandages are loosened on the move, the horse may step on them, get tangled and fall. Therefore, the bandages are often sewn together or so-called "fastening bandages" are used - bandages with "Velcro" at the ends.

Mouthpiece position
Mouthpiece position

Auxiliary reins. There are the following types of auxiliary reins:

1. Interchange. The horse is "untied" when right and left contact is made between the bit ring and the girth with this type of reins. The horse is shortly "untied" when its nose goes beyond the vertical, and its mouth approaches the chest. And the horse is "untied" long when the line of its forehead is to the vertical. Apart from lining, dressage decoupling is not applicable because this type of reins contributes to the overall stiffness of the horse. These reins are used in the first hours of horse riding, while the novice rider has not yet learned to maintain balance.

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2. The martingale is also called the "jumping reins", a two-piece belt with one end attached to the girth and between the horse's forelegs or strapped to the chest belt. Both other ends are the same length and end in rings through which the bit reins pass. The martingale should be of such length that it hangs in an arc at an angle to the bit. If the horse hits his head or wants to raise it too high, then the martingale cannot prevent this, but he must restrict this movement. And this will enable the rider in such moments not to completely lose his power over the horse, and it will not hit him with his head in the face.

Martingale is by no means a dressage aid. But its use is beneficial, especially in show jumping, horse hunting and when riding hot horses in the field.

3. Sliding reins. The sliding reins consist of two belts, approximately 2.75 m long. On one side, the ends of the belts are attached at the rider's knee height to a girth. From here they, from the inside, pass through the snaffle rings below it and end in the rider's hand; the right rein passes through the right bit of the bit into the rider's right hand, and the left rein into the left. The inner sides of both straps of the first half must face the horse so that the smooth sides slide into the bit rings without too much friction.

The rider must use the sliding reins carefully because too much force pulls the horse's mouth to the chest. These reins can only be used by a rider who perfectly understands how a horse who obeys the prompts feels right when he holds its head in front of him, as if fixed between two levers.

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