Video: Echinodorus Major Or Major (Echinodorus Major)
2023 Author: Molly Page | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 22:49
Echinodorus large, or major, is common in South America. Plant height - up to 60-70 cm. It is a herbaceous bush without a stem with elongated wavy lanceolate leaves with short petioles collected in a rosette.
The root system is well developed, the roots are thick, cord-like. Propagated by seeds and vegetatively. In a plant grown in water, depending on age and light, leaves are pale or dark green, wide, fleshy, xiphoid, on a short petiole, up to 50 cm long and 6-7 cm wide, with slightly wavy edges, narrowed at the base and oval at the top.
The leaves have a distinctly visible midrib, 4 additional veins can be seen. Prefers neutral water of medium hardness with a temperature of 21-28 ° C, at temperatures below 22 ° C, the growth rate is noticeably reduced. A mixture of equal parts of leafy earth or peat and river sand is used as a soil. The root system is very powerful, therefore, a soil layer of at least 8-10 cm is required for the plant. In an acidic environment, Echinodorus quickly degrades. The water should be regularly changed up to 15-20% of the volume of the aquarium.
Average lighting. To form a beautiful bush, it is optimal to use an overhead light. With additional side lighting, the bush turns out to be spreading and more rare.
In the aquarium, Echinodorus grows throughout the year and never forms aerial leaves. It blooms frequently, but it is easiest to get young plants from plants that form on flower whorls. The formation of several flower arrows at once can lead to the death of the plant. The peduncle is immersed in water, and after the formation of 3-4 leaves on the plants and a sufficient root system, they are separated alternately, starting from its base.
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When keeping a plant in an aquarium, the optimal temperature is 22-28 ° C, when it drops to 22 ° C, growth slows down significantly. The water should be of medium hardness (6-12 °), from slightly alkaline to neutral (pH 7-8.5). Soft acidic water is unacceptable for a plant, in which it quickly dies. Periodic replacement of part of the water is desirable. Turbid water is undesirable, as the mud settling on the leaves harms the echinodorus. During the flowering period, it is desirable to introduce mineral fertilizers and trace elements. The lighting should be very bright, but diffuse. With side lighting, the bush becomes looser and forms daughter plants. natural light makes the color of the plant more intense. Daylight hours should be 12-14 hours. The soil should be nutritious and consist of a mixture of coarse sand with fine pebbles with an admixture of clay,peat and charcoal and be abundantly silted.
It is necessary to place a large Echinodorus closer to the center and back wall of the aquarium, not forgetting that the plant, growing, occupies a rather large area.
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