Video: Yili (horse)
2023 Author: Molly Page | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 22:49
The Yili horse comes from the northwest region of Xinjiang (China). In China, this breed is considered developing. It resulted from the crossing of primitive Mongolian wild horses (known as Przewalski's horses) with horses of Russian origin. Yili is known for her speed and stamina, as well as the noticeable metallic sheen of her coat.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, Russian emigres have tried to improve the local horse population with Russian stallions. In 1936, the local government decided to import Don horses, Oryol trotters and Anglo-Don horses for the purpose of crossing them with local breeds. However, these crosses did not affect the quality of the local horses in the second generation.
In 1963, it was finally determined that the development of the breed and or the best influence will have a harness type stallions. Crossbreeding of horses of the desired type led to the establishment of a breed whose population began to increase.
Yili horses are known for their unrivaled stamina and can cover great distances at good speed. There is evidence that these horses can run 1000 meters in 1 minute and 15.4 seconds. These horses are compact and harmonious. They are used as a riding and draft horse, as well as for the production of meat and milk.
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The height of the yili at the withers is 144-154 cm. Live weight is 350-400 kg. The color is mainly bay, black or gray, often with a metallic sheen.
Yili is a fairly beautiful horse, she has a small head with a straight or slightly convex profile; wide forehead; neck of proportional length and slightly arched in stallions; the withers are well defined; the back is short and strong; deep chest with well formed ribs; well-built shoulders; legs are strong, well-muscled (sometimes cow-hocked).
In September 1981, 30 yili were exported to Macau for racing.
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